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 Major Groups | Insecta (insects) | Diptera (true flies) | Chironomidae | Orthocladiinae
 

Orthocladiinae

Major Group: Insecta
Order:
Diptera
Family:
Chironomidae
Subfamily: Orthocladiinae

Descriptive Features:

  • procercus short
  • body smooth
  • 2 eye spots laid horizontally, posterior spot larger than anterior spot, may be in contact
  • no ventromental plates
  • antennae not retractile
  • mentum (main feeding mouthpart) oblique
  • Total length: up to 10mm
    •  

      Orthocladinae

      Taxonomic Checklist: *Genera
      Allocladius wirthi
      (Freeman, 1961)
      Allometriocnemus
      Allotrissocladius amphibius Freeman, 1964
      Anzacladius
      Austrobrillia longipes
      Freeman, 1961
      Austrocladius 
      Bryophaenocladius
      Botryocladius

      Camptocladius stercorarius (De Geer, 1776)
      Cardiocladius australiensis Freeman, 1961
      Clunio
      Compterosmittia pectinata (Freeman, 1961)
      Corynoneura
      Cricotopus annuliventris (Skuse, 1889)
      Doloplastus monticola Skuse, 1889
      Echinocladius martini Cranston, 2000
      Eukiefferiella insolida (Skuse, 1889)
      Gymnometriocnemus
      Kiefferophyes 
      Limnophyes vestitus (Skuse, 1889)
      Metriocnemus hornsbyensis Freeman, 1961
      Nanocladius
      Nasuticladius
      Nilothauma
      Parakiefferiella
      Paralimnophyes
      Parametriocnemus ornaticornis (Kieffer, 1917)
      Paratrichocladius pluriserialis (Freeman, 1959)
      Pirara australiensis Boothroyd & Cranston, 1995
      Pseudosmittia
      "Psectrocladius"
      Rheocricotpus
      Rhinocladius tonnoiri Freeman, 1961
      Semiocladius crassipennis (Skuse, 1889)
      Smittia
      Stictocladius 
      Symbiocladius aurifodinae Hynes, 1976
      Thienemanniella trivittata Goetghebuer, 1935
      Trondia anderseni Ferrington & Saether, 2006
          *may include some terrestrial species
      genera in bold to be confirmed

      Distribution: NSW, WA, Tas, Vic, ACT, SA, Qld, Lord Howe Island

      Sensitivity Rating: SIGNAL grade 4

      Functional Feeding Group: gathering collectors, shredders, scrapers

       

      Niemur River at Mallan, NSW

       

      Information Sources: Ferrington & Saether 2006, ABRS 2012, Bugledich 1997 & 1999, Hawking & Smith 1997, Merritt & Cummins 1978
      Key to Genera:  Cranston 2000, Madden 2010 (plating not required, not in key: Allometriocnemus Austrocladius Compterosmittia Doloplastus Kiefferophyes Metriocnemus Nasuticladius Nilothauma Rhinocladius)
      Key to Species: Cranston & Saether 2010 (Stictocladius except S. uniserialis)
      Cranston 2009 (Anzacladius)
      Cranston 2000 ("genus Australia", Cricotopus)

       

       

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